FAQ: How To Install Retaining Wall Block?

What do you put under retaining wall blocks?

Backfill the wall with gravel or sand. If you use sand, first cover the backside of the retaining wall with landscape fabric. This will keep the sand from seeping between the blocks. If you’re backfilling with gravel, you can pour the gravel after every course you lay.

How do you prepare the ground for a retaining wall block?

fill concrete cores with crushed gravel



Sweep away all debris from the top of the first course of block with a broom. Stack the second course of blocks on top of the first course making sure they remain level. Fill the concrete cores with crushed gravel. Backfill with gravel behind the wall to cover the drainage pipe.

Do I need to glue my retaining wall blocks?

You don’t have to use an adhesive for gravity wall units, but it’s a great precaution. I would consider putting a dab of glue on every other or every third block, mostly on the last couple of courses. I always clue my top course if I dont have caps, and if I do have caps, I always glue my caps. It’s safer.

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Do you need gravel behind retaining wall?

Second, a retaining wall must have properly compacted backfill. In order to provide proper drainage, at least 12 inches of granular backfill (gravel or a similar aggregate) should be installed directly behind the wall. Compacted native soil can be used to backfill the rest of the space behind the wall.

What is the cheapest type of retaining wall?

What is the cheapest retaining wall material?

  • Treated pine and is the least expensive material.
  • Hardwood is more expensive than treated pine.
  • Railway sleepers are another – slightly more expensive – option and are built to withstand ground and water contact.
  • Concrete sleepers are more expensive.

What is the easiest retaining wall to build?

For the average do-it-yourselfer, building a retaining wall is easiest when using masonry blocks that will be stacked no taller than three feet, with no mortar binding the stones or concrete members. (For a curved wall, mark instead with a garden hose or spray paint.)

How deep do footings need to be for a retaining wall?

Footing dimensions

Type of wall Wall height Depth of concrete
Single-skin Up to 1m 300mm
Double-skin Up to 1m 150mm
Double-skin Over 1m, up to 2m 375-450mm
Retaining wall Up to 1m 150mm300mm

Does a 2 foot retaining wall need drainage?

Although there are exceptions, most retaining walls require gravel backfill, soil compaction, pipe or toe drains, and weep holes. Together, these four features will provide adequate drainage for most designs. Only a few types of walls will not require all of them.

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How high can you build a retaining wall without a permit?

Most municipalities require a building permit and a design from a Licensed Engineer if your wall is taller than 4 feet high (measured from the bottom of the first block to the top of the last block).

What is the best adhesive for retaining wall blocks?

Loctite® PL® Landscape Block Adhesive is the ideal adhesive for these projects. The blocks used in wall systems are interlocking. Using an adhesive to bond each unit together and attach the capstone creates a strong connection between the individual units and prevents sliding and bulging of the wall.

WHY DO Retaining walls fail?

The main cause of retaining wall failure is poor drainage. Without proper drainage, hydrostatic pressure builds up behind the retaining wall. Saturated soil is substantially heavier than dry soil, and the retaining wall may not be designed to handle such a load.

Should you use fabric behind retaining wall?

A barrier behind the wall, lined in fabric and filled with gravel, creates an area for water collection and movement. The fabric helps keep the voids in the gravel from packing with silt.

What slope requires a retaining wall?

What is the slope? If the slope is greater than a 3:1, consult with an engineer. If the slope is over 2:1, it will require structures or special stabilization techniques.

How long do retaining walls last?

How long will my retaining wall last? For a permanent wall structure, the general lifespan is generally between 50 and 100 years. This does, however, depend on the conditions of the soil and groundwater at your site.

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What kind of stone do you put behind a retaining wall?

Crushed or smooth stone, well graded, compactable aggregate, ranging in size from 0.25 in. to 1.5 in. (6 to 38 mm) is the ideal wall rock size.

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