Often asked: How To Build A Retaining Wall To Hold Back Water?

Will a retaining wall hold back water?

Retaining walls can help divert water away from foundations during flooding. Often they are just a part of a water flow management solution. Combined with proper guttering, French drains and foundation swales, most water can be diverted away from the foundation and home.

What is the cheapest retaining wall block?

What is the cheapest retaining wall material?

  • Treated pine and is the least expensive material.
  • Hardwood is more expensive than treated pine.
  • Railway sleepers are another – slightly more expensive – option and are built to withstand ground and water contact.
  • Concrete sleepers are more expensive.

How do you put drainage behind a retaining wall?

After laying the first course of blocks, lay an agricultural drainage pipe with a geotextile sock (ag-pipe) behind the wall on a bed of 10-20mm clean, free drainage material. Ensure that the drainage pipe: Has at least a 1 in 100 fall away (1cm drop over 1m length of wall)

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What to backfill a retaining wall with?

Backfill refers to the dirt behind the wall. In order to provide proper drainage, at least 12 inches of granular backfill (gravel or a similar aggregate) should be installed directly behind the wall. Compacted native soil can be used to backfill the rest of the space behind the wall.

At what height do you need a retaining wall?

How tall is your wall? Most municipalities require a building permit and a design from a Licensed Engineer if your wall is taller than 4 feet high (measured from the bottom of the first block to the top of the last block).

Should you put plastic behind a retaining wall?

I always run the thicker black plastic behind retaining walls. Preserves the timber sleepers a bit more and stops dirt and weeds coming through the inevitable gaps. +1 for geotex on the ground and up the soil you want to retain, then aggregate between fabric and wall, with drain at the bottom. No plastic for me.

What is the easiest retaining wall to build?

For the average do-it-yourselfer, building a retaining wall is easiest when using masonry blocks that will be stacked no taller than three feet, with no mortar binding the stones or concrete members. (For a curved wall, mark instead with a garden hose or spray paint.)

How long do block retaining walls last?

A concrete retaining wall can be expected to last anywhere from 50 to 100 years. Meanwhile, a brick masonry wall can be expected to last at least 100 years, though the quality of the work will play a role here.

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What type of retaining wall is best?

Timber and inter-locking-concrete-block walls are great DIY retaining wall ideas. Mortared masonry and poured concrete ones are usually best left to a mason.

Does a 2 foot retaining wall need drainage?

Although there are exceptions, most retaining walls require gravel backfill, soil compaction, pipe or toe drains, and weep holes. Together, these four features will provide adequate drainage for most designs. Only a few types of walls will not require all of them.

What kind of stone do you put behind a retaining wall?

Crushed or smooth stone, well graded, compactable aggregate, ranging in size from 0.25 in. to 1.5 in. (6 to 38 mm) is the ideal wall rock size.

How high can a retaining wall be without a permit?

Legislation on the construction of retaining walls is set by your local council. The ‘magic number’of 1 metre is commonly referred to as the maximum height you can build to without a permit.

Can I use sand to backfill a retaining wall?

DO backfill correctly.



After your drainpipe is in place, you should backfill the rest of the space behind the blocks with either sand or pea gravel—either will allow water to filter through to the drainpipe at the base of the wall.

What is a gravity retaining wall?

Gravity Retaining Walls



A retaining wall that relies solely on it’s own weight to stand up is called a gravity wall. Allan Block combines the basic engineering principles of setback, leverage and total unit mass with simple mechanics to make highly stable gravity walls.

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