Often asked: How To Install Drain Pipe Behind Retaining Wall?

How do you put drainage behind a retaining wall?

For proper drainage, the first 12 inches of space behind a retaining wall should be filled with crushed stone or gravel. This is so that when water gets into the space, it does not become bogged down in soil but instead can flow down the wall to the drains or weep holes.

Do I need a drain pipe behind retaining wall?

Any reinforced wall or walls over 4 ft. (1.2 m) in height or with slopes or other surcharges above the wall will need a toe drain. In all cases wall rock is located within the cores of the block and a minimum of 12 in. (300 mm) behind the block.

How deep should a French drain be behind a retaining wall?

And make it about 18 to 24 inches deep; the depth will vary depending on the depth of your soggy area. If your French drain is against a foundation or retaining wall, you’ll need to dig just below the footing.

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What is the best base for a retaining wall?

Due to soil erosion, your retaining wall should be built on a solid foundation made from gravel.

  • Choose gravel that has stones sized between 1/2-inch and 3/4-inch.
  • Fill the trench with a 2- to 3-inch layer of gravel.
  • Use a rake to ensure the stones are evenly distributed.

What is the cheapest type of retaining wall?

What is the cheapest retaining wall material?

  • Treated pine and is the least expensive material.
  • Hardwood is more expensive than treated pine.
  • Railway sleepers are another – slightly more expensive – option and are built to withstand ground and water contact.
  • Concrete sleepers are more expensive.

WHY DO Retaining walls fail?

The main cause of retaining wall failure is poor drainage. Without proper drainage, hydrostatic pressure builds up behind the retaining wall. Saturated soil is substantially heavier than dry soil, and the retaining wall may not be designed to handle such a load.

What kind of stone do you put behind a retaining wall?

Crushed or smooth stone, well graded, compactable aggregate, ranging in size from 0.25 in. to 1.5 in. (6 to 38 mm) is the ideal wall rock size.

What slope requires a retaining wall?

What is the slope? If the slope is greater than a 3:1, consult with an engineer. If the slope is over 2:1, it will require structures or special stabilization techniques.

Can you use pea gravel behind retaining wall?

Base material



The various-sized crushed gravel with the fines helps ensure the right amount of compaction. Round rocks, such as pea gravel, roll and dislodge under pressure resulting in failure of the retaining wall. Lay a 4- to 6-inch layer of the crushed base material in the trench.

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Can a French drain go uphill?

YES! Water can run uphill in a French Drain, Crawl Space Footer Tile, Basement Footer System! A rainwater drain is NOT Sewer and Drain. No fall is needed to make your system work!

What is the easiest retaining wall to build?

For the average do-it-yourselfer, building a retaining wall is easiest when using masonry blocks that will be stacked no taller than three feet, with no mortar binding the stones or concrete members. (For a curved wall, mark instead with a garden hose or spray paint.)

How do you build a base for a retaining wall?

prepare base for retaining wall



Excavate the entire area to a depth of 8”. Spread approximately 4” of gravel evenly in the trench and rake the gravel smooth. Use a hand or power tamper to compact and level the area. Check for level and add or remove gravel as necessary until the appropriate height is reached.

How much paver base do I need for retaining wall?

Estimate the amount of paver base necessary. The paver base should be at least 2 inches deep when compacted.

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